A number of police officers have been forced to make way and others have been transferred in the aftermath of the Mendi unrest.
In key actions:
Chief Superintendent Joseph Tondop’s appointment as the Southern Highlands commander has been revoked, he will stay unattached;
Chief Inspector Gideon Kauke, the station commander Mendi, takes over from Tondop as acting Southern Highlands commander;
Assistant commissioner Kaiglo Ambane, the Highlands western end commander, is now commander Southern;
Assistant commissioner Anton Billie, the divisional commander for New Guinea Islands, is now commander Highlands western end; and,
Chief Superintendent Paul Kamuai is now the acting commander New Guinea Islands.
“As you would have gathered, the Government has declared a State of Emergency in the troubled Southern Highlands. I am making the internal transfer directives as the acting Commissioner of Police so that the Southern Highlands issue can be effectively addressed,” Acting Police Commissioner Jim Andrews said.
In another transfer, assistant commissioner Allan Kundi is to assist the police commissioner.
Andrews said the changes would take effect immediately.
“In the transition period, I have appointed assistant commissioner, operations, David Manning to take charge of all police operations in Southern Highlands.
He will be assisted by assistant commissioner Sylvester Kalaut, acting assistant commissioner, crimes. Hodges Ette and a team of detectives and acting director special services division Superintendent Julius Tasion.
“They will remain in the province until assistant commissioner Billie takes up his post,” Andrews said.
He said two police mobile squads totalling almost 70 police personnel were in Southern Highlands along with a contingent of PNG Defence Force soldiers.
Andrews said another two mobile squads were on standby.
An interesting dynamic is happening in West Papua right now, where students at various universities in West Papua are coming to lectures in their campuses wearing their traditional clothes, instead of wearing trousers and shirts.
As reported by Tabloid Jubi in West Papua and posted in Papua.News that students from Mee Tribe (Koteka Tribe) are wearing their traditional clothes when attending lectures at universities in West Papua, There are seven major tribes in the highlands of West Papua that traditionally wear the Koteka (Penis Gourd or Kebewak)
The person started this was Divio Tekege, a Mee Tribesman student at Cenderawasih University, in Port Numbay (Jayapura).. Cenderawasih University is the first government university that existed since Indonesia occupied West Papua and most of the educated Papuans are from this university.
His revolutionary action was responded by various parties as a positive move, as West Papua is loosing the Melanesian identity due to Indonesia’s deliberate policies to Indonesian-ize Melanesians in West Papua.
This news has become spiral among West Papuan students and it is expected that this re-claiming of Melanesian identity by young generation will be followed up by other students at personal levels, at family and village levels, and by all West Papuans at national level.
To be human does not always mean wearing modern western clothes. To be a university students does not mean the clothes should be the same as those Indonesians.
This is an act of self-identification and self-definition that should become a trend all over West Papuans and across Melanesia. Most students in Melanesia should think about wearing their traditional clothes when they go to schools. What about that?
MALAITA provincial government has maintained its support and stand for a free West Papua.
This was highlighted during a dialogue held in Auki last month between representatives from the national government, civil society, Indonesian government and Malaita provincial government.
The visiting team was led by Rence Sore of the Prime Minister’s office to discuss matters to revive Malaita province policy toward Indonesia for Malaita people to have right a perspective to Indonesia government and ways to create positive relationship with Malaita province government.
This is an effort to clarify past rumours and negative publications against the Indonesian government’s treatment to original West Papua people.
The Malaita provincial secretary Jackson Gege confirmed that they have met with the visiting team.
He said their visit mainly was to talk on reviving a Malaita province policy towards the Indonesian government purposely to understand Indonesia’s intentions well.
However, based on a conclusion passed by the Malaita provincial government, Mr Gege said Malaita will continue to support the free West Papua campaign.
“Malaita provincial government will continue to put its support behind the free West Papua campaign,” Mr Gege said.
It’s understood a similar dialogue has been conducted in other provinces.
Lanelle Tanangada is the new Member of Parliament (MP) elect for Gizo/Kolombangara constituency.
This follows her landslide victory over former Prime Minister and top contender Gordon Darcy Lilo during Wednesday’s by-election.
Mrs Tanagada’s win has dashed Lilo’s hope to regain power for the second time in Parliament.
Mrs Tanagada was declared winner just after 8pm last night after a whole day of counting yesterday at the Western provincial headquarter in Gizo.
She got a total of 2580 votes and won by a 987 majority vote. This was a stronger margin then what her husband polled in 2014.
Mr Lilo got a total vote of 1,598 trailing behind Mrs Tanangada, Peter Sogoila 598 votes, Kenneth Bulehite 243 votes and Ronald Dive got 187 votes.
Returning Officer Christian Siale declared the result at Gizo police station in front of a good number of crowd last night.
Many of the supporters have returned to their villages late in the evening after the counting went through the night.
The announcement was also witnessed by the Chief Electoral Officer Mose Siatala in accordance with Section 55 of the National Parliament provisions Act.
Mr Siale thanked the people of Gizo/Kolombangara constituency for respecting the whole election process.
“Thank you to you good people of Gizo/Kolombangara for your patience and respect for the successful conclusion of the election process,” Mr Siale said last night in Gizo town.
The Solomon Star was unable to speak with the winning candidate as she was out of Gizo town at the time of the declaration last night.
Meanwhile, there have been huge celebrations by supporters in Gizo and the communities following the declaration of the news.
The win by Mrs Tanagada was described as a sweet victory for our women.
Her historic win means she is the fourth women in the history of this country to enter parliament.
The current parliament will now has two female MPs. The other current female MP is Hon. Freda Tuki of Temotu Vatud.
Its understood women organizations and many ordinary women in the country have rallied their support behind Mrs Tanagada.
A victory parade is being planned by women in Gizo with the winning MP.
Mrs Tanangada who is part Ranoggah and Marovo is a teacher by profession. She got her masters at Waikato University in New Zealand. She contested as an independent candidate.
Following the declaration of the result last night many people both in the country and abroad took to the social media to congratulate the new MP elect.
They also showed photos of themselves partying and celebrating with the symbol of tree.
One of her strong supporters while congratulating Mrs Tanangada said, “you and husband stood the test of time, battered by local and international media tarnishing the image of both of you, instead you step up to rise beyond all doubts and the people’s vote clearly indicate that they still need your leadership to be around.
“Serve the people both voters and non voters with dignity and humility and may God continue to bless you and the constituency as you will entered uncharted waters with faith. Beginning of a new chapter, go in faith.”
Another commented saying; “You have stood the battle against non-voters and media tarnishing your reputation. “Today you’ve proved that its the people of the constitution that have put you there.”
A former University Of Waikato scholar in New Zealand said, “from us here, we’re so proud of this achievement and great step especially empowering women in our society.”
Another commentator said, the victory is about advancing women in leadership and gender equality.
A supporter of the winning candidate last night said, “tonight (last night) its a huge victory for us as supporters because the silent majority have spoken.”
Over the past few days and weeks, supporters for the top two candidates have been attacking each other via the social media with words and allegations while predicting their candidate will win the race.
Some supporters of the loosing candidates last night also joined others to congratulate Mrs Tanangada on her victory and said its time to work together to develop the constituency and move on.
Mrs Tanangada is expected to sworn-in as a new MP.
The Government has expressed dismay at attempts by West Papualeader Jacob Rumbiak, to interfere and meddle in the country’s national affairs.
In a statement on Tuesday the Solomon Islands Democratic Coalition for Change Government (SIDCCG) said it strongly disproves the action of Mr Rumbiak.
It disputed the allegations, opinions, and interference by Mr Rumbiak in our national affairs, politics and foreign policies of Solomon Islands, a sovereign State, through the media.
“Mr Rumbiak’s comments were purposely made to incite division in the leadership of the SIDCCG that is based on the issue of West Papua,” the statement added.
“This misguided intent by a foreigner to attempt to divide and undermine the standing and solidarity of a legitimate government through the media will not succeed,” the statement said.
“Mr Rumbiak has no right to tell the people of Solomon Islands who should be their Prime Minister, nor does he has the right to determine who the Prime Minister of Solomon Islands should be.”
Solomon Islands is a sovereign nation and only Solomon Islanders can determine who should be their Prime Minister and that can only happen through the democratic election process, the statement added.
“If he thinks that he can come secretly into Solomon Islands when the Prime Minister is out of the country, purposely to create division and disharmony in the Government and amongst Solomon Islanders, then he better think again,” it said.
The statement added Solomon Islands has diplomatic relations with the Republic of Indonesia which was formalized in July 1983.
“A Solomon Islands Diplomatic Mission was established in Jakarta on 5 August, 2014. This Mission was operational during the previous DCCG government, continuing on with the present SIDCCG government.”
It added that as an upstanding member of the United Nations, Solomon Islands upholds the tenets of international relations enshrined in the United Nations Charter, including those on respect of sovereignty and non-interference.
“Solomon Islands has always acknowledged that West Papua is an integral part of Indonesia. Solomon Islands also acknowledges that West Papua is one of five Melanesian regions in Indonesia.
“Solomon Islands will continue to pursue issues concerning
Jayapura, 25/5(Jubi)–– Free West Papua activist Filep Jacob Semuel Karma, commonly called Jopie Karma already warned that the experience of OPM (Organisasi Papua Merdeka – Free Papua Movement) in Senegal should not be repeated now. This warning is important in building cooperation with Melanesian countries in the South Pacific.
However, clearly Karma supports what is being done by the West Papua National Coalition for Liberation (WPNCL) to further campaigns by representing West Papua witin the MSG. Karma further remarks hat in this struggle, all groups and factions should divide roles and functions for each to carry out to reach independence.
The Late Ben Tanggahma was the Head of OPM Representative Office in Senegal, workerd for some years and the OPM got political support from Senegal. Unfortunately, a few years later, Indonesia with financial game approached economic cooperation with Senegal, and consequently the OPM office was closed. This also worsened with functionalism within Free West Papua campaign, that further weakened the struggle.
Mendiang Ben Tanggahma mantan Kepala Perwakilan Organisasi Papua Merdeka(OPM) di Senegal pernah bertugas selama beberapa tahun di sana dan mendapat dukungan dari pemerintah Senegal. Sayangnya beberapa tahun kemudian pihak pemerintah Indonesia dengan kekuatan modal melakukan pendekatan dan kerja sama ekonomi antara Pemerintah Indonesia dan Pemerintah Senegal. Akibatnya kantor Perwakilan OPM di Senegal ditutup karena kekuatan modal yang dimiliki oleh Pemerintah Republik Indonesia. Kondisi ini diperparah lagi dengan munculnya faksi-faksi dalam perjuangan Papua Merdeka, sehingga memperlemah perjuangan Papua Merdeka.
Ben Tanggahma once said as fellow black nations there are many countries in Africa support West Papua independence, however, these countries are still poor and they need financial support. This cause they set aside racial issue for the sake of economic cooperation.
Prof. Dr. Nazaruddin Sjamsoddin in his book, “Integrasi Politik di Indonesia” (Indonesian Political Integration) says generally OPM is generally known as a political organization and also a military organization at the same time.
In his research, Nazaruddin says there are some factors that make it difficult for the political and military activities to cooperate towards an independent West Papua.
The first factor is certainly the limited room for maneuvers due to military operations and other actions carried out by the Indonesian military.
Lately after 1998 reformation in Indonesia, one Papuan leader Theys Hiyo Eluay chose a peaceful struggle and ethics in politics. For Theys West Papua independence already declared on 1 December 1961 dan this struggle is to re-claim that declaration already been made.
Belakangan setelah reformasi di Indonesia 1998, salah satu pemimpin Papua alm Theys Hiyo Elluay lebih memilih perjuangan damai dalam sopan santun politik. Soalnya bagi Theys kemerdekaan Papua sudah ada pada 1 Desember 1961 dan tinggal mengembalikan hak-hak politik.
Secondly, there are many different tribal backgrounds among OPM fighters themselves as well as OPM politicians that always cause differences in interpreting goals and approaches as well as different interests in fighting for independence.
A third one is the difference in ideology among OPM leaders, those who are oriented towards right wing politics and the others towards left wing politics.
Fourth, there is no sufficient funding available for the OPM leaders to carry out their independence campaign, including military commanders also lack financial funding.
Fifth, limitations exposed by PNG government also limit the movement of the OPM.
Free West Papua activities are mainly carried out abroad, primarily mainly based in the Netherlands, where two OPM leaders the Late Markus Kaisiepo and the Late Nicolaas Jower live. Lately Nicolaas Jouwe , Frans Alberth Yoku and Nicolash Meset returned to Indonesia and chose to become Indonesian citizens.
Other than Netherlands, there is a groupo in Stockholm Sweden in 1972, with OPM office. They obtained support from Senior Marxist academic in Sotckholm. This office was shut down in 1979 due to lack of financial support.
Markus Kaisiepo believes military power to reach independence and that was why cooperated with “Door de eeuwen trouw” a foundation that assisted RMS under the leadership of Ir. Manusama sometime ago.
The OPM in Dakar and Stockholm mainly led by yonger generation like the Late Ben Tangghma. OPM representative in Dakkar was supported by Senegali President Senggor, among others by channeling private donations. Ben Tanggahma also assisted by a few Brazzaville 13 groups that do not support Indoensian occupation over West Irian since 1960s.
Whereas in the South Pacific, particularly Melanesian countries like Vanuatu opened reprentative office in 1983. Vanuatu pushes agenda for Melanesians to help each other in political struggles. It appears that the Papua New Guinea government is having a dilemma due to its direct border area with Indonesia (Papua Province). Even the PNG Prime Minister Michael Somare already stated the he does not support the OPM to free West Papua.
However, geographical position between Melanesian countries can become one of the supporting factors to keep the Melanesian brotherhood cooperation. Warning from Filep Karma regarding Free West Papua campaign dan support from Melanesian countries should be considered seriously in order to avoid repeating the Senegal experience. Particularly due to internal infighting and insufficient financial support have become main problem so far.
Moreover, the political and economic approaches taken by Indoensian government have become bargaining power for Melanesian countries campaigning for West Papua independence, which will get significant pressures from three Pacific Natoins: PNG, New Zealand and Australia. These thtree countries have good diplomatic and economic relations with Indonesia. .(Jubi/Dominggus A Mampioper)
Source: Belajar dari Pengalaman OPM di Senegal, Tabloid Jubi 25/5/ 2-013), <http://tabloidjubi.com/16/2013/05/26/belajar-dari-pengalaman-perwakilan-opm-di-senegal/>
Apia, Jubi – Kamis lalu (31/8/2018) Samoa merayakan hari kemerdekaannya yang ke-56.
Berbicara dalam upacara perayaan Kemerdekaan di Apia, Perdana Menteri Samoa, Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, mengatakan bahwa negara kepulauan itu telah melewati perjalanan yang jauh sebagai bangsa yang berdaulat.
“Pemerintah Samoa hari ini meneruskan impian dan nilai-nilai leluhur kita 56 tahun lalu – untuk memikul tanggung jawab sebagai pemerintahan. Kita berutang segalanya kepada Tuhan karena telah menjaga Samoa selama ini tetap stabil, damai, dan harmonis. Selama ini kita telah berjuang dan mengalami banyak kesulitan bersama-sama, kita semua belajar bahwa kita tidak selalu punya jawaban atas semua permasalahan yang kita hadapi. Karena itu kita saling memerlukan satu dengan yang lain.”
“Sebagai penjaga samudra yang paling besar, paling damai, dan paling berlimpah di dunia, kita juga mendapatkan penguatan dari budaya dan tradisi kita. Nilai-nilai kekristenan yang kita percaya juga mengikat semua masyarakat dan komunitas Pasifik. Visi kita bersama, agar Pasifik menjadi wilayah yang damai, aman, inklusif secara sosial, dan makmur, memerlukan kerja sama tingkat regional yang kuat, sehingga masyarakat kita bisa menjalani kehidupan yang bebas, sehat dan produktif.”
PM Tuilaepa juga berterima kasih atas kehadiran Presiden Fiji, Mayor Jenderal (purnawirawan) Jioji Konrote, dan Presiden Nauru, Baron Waqa, karena turut menghadiri upacara tersebut.
“Awal tahun ini, saya bersama Presiden Fiji diundang untuk menghadiri peringatan kemerdekaan Republik Nauru yang ke-50, dan kita menyaksikan semangat nasionalisme yang kuat di antara masyarakat Nauru. Semangat yang sama juga masih berapi-api di negara kita, seperti yang telah kita saksikan pagi ini di Pawai Maret.”
Izinkan saya juga untuk mengungkapkan rasa terima kasih yang tulus kepada Gubernur Samoa Amerika dan Kepala Negara Tokelau. Terima kasih untuk menerima undangan kami yang rendah hati,” tambah PM Tuilaepa.
Kepala Negara Samoa, Tuimalealiifano Vaaletoa Sualauvi II, juga menghadiri acara tersebut, mengatakan perayaan kemerdekaan kali ini dirasakan di setiap sudut negara itu. (PINA)
Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi is set to lobby more countries to vote for her country in its campaign for a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council ahead of the vote that will take place next week.
Retno said she would head for New York again on Sunday, a few days before voting day on June 8.
“On the 4th [Monday] there will a diplomatic reception at the United Nations headquarters, while on the 5th, 6th and the 7th I still have the chance for more lobbying before voting day,” she told reporters on the sidelines of an iftar (breaking-of-the-fast) event at the Foreign Ministry on Monday.
In the last two weeks, Retno has visited New York, Guyana, Argentina and Peru and attended forums, where she also talked about Indonesia’s campaign for the seat.
Retno expressed her optimism, counting on Indonesia’s track record and contributions to world’s peace.
“Hopefully with all the contributions well-documented, it will become the reason why the countries vote for Indonesia,” she said.
She said if Indonesia gained the seat, it would prioritise contributions to peace, including in peace-keeping operations, realising the Sustainable Development Goals and pushing for more cooperation to solve transnational organised crime.
The Indonesian Government is grappling with a measles outbreak in the Papuan district of Asmat, where at least 65 children have died since the epidemic began in October. Almost 600 people, including adults, have been treated for the disease in the remote highland district, with hundreds hospitalised in the district’s capital, Agats. Many are also reportedly suffering from malaria and severe malnutrition.
Criticism levelled at the government has not been taken well. Papua has always been a sensitive issue, primarily due to region’s separatist movement, but criticism has now extended to the efforts of the Joko ‘Jokowi’ Widodo administration to develop the region. The local immigration office detained a BBC Indonesia journalist, Australian Rebecca Henschke, after she tweeted photographs from Asmat. Henschke was ordered to leave the province, and her passport was confiscated, after allegedly offending the feelings of soldiers assisting the Asmat relief program.
Unfortunately, the aid is probably too little, too late. After news of measles-related deaths broke into the mainstream media in mid-January, the military, Ministry of Health, and Coordinating Ministry of Human Development and Culture quickly dispatched medical teams and food supplies to Asmat. Humanitarian workers say health problems have long been evident, and that the government simply choses to look elsewhere, focusing on quick-win solutions to gain political favour rather than on long-term development.
The political sensitives make those responding to the crisis reluctant to speak out. “The measles outbreak in Asmat is caused by a drop in the quality of basic healthcare,” said a Papua-based development worker who visits Asmat frequently. “Health services at community health centres are provided on a needs-only basis, and the quality is getting worse, so there is little knowledge of what really lies behind problems like these.”
Measles vaccinations are freely available to all children at community health centres across Indonesia, but coverage is low in Asmat. This is not only due to the region’s geography, with many facilities accessible to villagers only via long and expensive speedboat trips, but also to a lack of qualified health workers. Mobile health facilities and village-based vaccination clinics are rare, and locals complain that health workers rarely show up to work. Many are not provided with adequate housing and are forced to travel up to two hours each way to and from work. Others refuse to live nearby because of a lack of security; inter-family and inter-tribal conflict is common across the province. Even when staff do make it to the health centres, opening hours are short and medicines are limited.
“Only some of the 16 community health centres in Asmat have doctors,” the development worker explained. “It is difficult to reach many of the centres – you have to travel by boat … But the decrease in health services is caused by many factors, including low health worker competencies, lack of budgetary transparency, and [lack of] data.” She also commented that the Asmat District Health Office works slowly and inefficiently, with many of its staff uninterested in their work.
Papua and West Papua continually place last in Indonesia when it comes to human development, despite large local budgets resulting from the regions’ special autonomy. Major infrastructural improvements are underway, such as the Trans-Papua Road and multiple new seaports and airports. But public services, such as health and education, remain of poor quality. Asmat has a Human Development Index (HDI) ranking of only 47.31, placing the district below Afghanistan (47.9) and just above the Democratic Republic of the Congo (43.5).