Nairobi – Pemimpin Kemerdekaan Papua Barat Benny Wenda dan Menteri Luar Negeri Vanuatu Ralph Regenvanu menghadiri Konferensi Tingkat Tinggi (KTT) ke-9/2019 Kelompok Negara Karibia dan Pasifik Afrika (African Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, ACP) di KICC, Nairobi, Kenya.
Situs web Gpanreunification.org melansir KTT itu diikuti kalangan diaspora Afrika di seluruh dunia. Peserta yang hadir berasal dari 51 negara di Afrika, 14 di Pasifik, dan 10 di Karibia.
KTT 2019 khusus membahas tema rasisme dan kejahatan hak asasi manusia HAM di Papua, Indonesia.
Disebutkan, “Papua Barat adalah rumah kita. Sekarang waktu yang tepat bagi Afrika untuk mendukung Papua Barat, dengan mengambil tindakan untuk mengakhiri ‘genosida hitam’ di sana.”
Dilansir pula bahwa lebih 500.000 orang Papua terbunuh di Papua Barat. Setiap hari orang-orang Papua dijebloskan ke penjara karena menyatakan keinginan mereka merdeka.
“Waktunya telah tiba bagi dunia untuk menanggapi kekejaman terhadap orang-orang keturunan Afrika di Papua Barat,” papar situs web milik Global Pan Africanism Network (GPAN).
Wakil Presiden Kenya William Ruto menyambut delegasi yang tiba di lokasi konferensi.
Pra konferensi digelar sejak 6-10 Desember 2019. Sesi ini diisi pameran ekonomi pedesaan. Pada 8 Desember, peserta membahas khusus tema pemberdayaan perempuan dan remaja di negara-negara ACP.
Puncak KTT berlangsung dua hari sejak Senin, 9 Desember 2019. Agenda puncak dihadiri kepala negara dan pemerintahan.
GPAN merupakan organisasi Hak Sipil Internasional dan Pan Afrika untuk menyatukan kembali semua orang keturunan Afrika, serta mengadvokasi hak-hak dan kebebasan mereka di seluruh dunia. Organisasi ini terdaftar di Accra, Ghana. GOOD INDONESIA-RUT
Reports by human rights defenders and media articles mention a total of 104 arrests in multiple locations across West Papua. The arrests occurred in relation to commemorations of 1st December, which many indigenous Papuans regard as the ‘Papuan Independence Day’. This year marks the 58th anniversary of the first official Morning Star flag raising under the Dutch colonial government. In Jayapura, the police summoned two leaders of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), Markus Haluk and Edison Waromi. At least twenty arrestees were charged with treason.
Eight Papuans arrested in Manokwari
On 27 November 2019, the local police arrested eight indigenous Papuans on their way the Borasi Field in the city of Manokwari, where they wanted to participate in a peaceful political demonstration. They were taken into custody and are currently under investigation at the Manokwari District Police Station (Polres Manokwari). According to local media outlet Jubi, the police seized 29 Morningstar flags, posters, leaflets and two cars. The detainees stated that they had received leaflets calling for a peaceful demonstration at the Borasi field.
Four KNPB supporters arrested in Merauke
Police officers arrested four supporters of the West Papua National Committee (KNPB) on 2 December 2019 in the Papuan town of Merauke. Police suspects that the four men sprayed Morningstar symbols on public buildings in various locations in Merauke. All four arrestees were allowed to leave the police station after officers had questioned them and seized several of their pro-independence attributes.
Police summons ULMWP leaders
The police summoned ULMWP Executive Director, Markus Haluk, and ULMWP Executive Chairman, Edison Waromi, in relation to a leaflet calling for a worship ceremony in commemoration of 1st December. Mr. Haluk and Mr. Waromi, together with a team of lawyers, came to Jayapura Municipality (Polresta Jayapura) police station on 30 November where they were questioned for several hours. The leaflet showed the names and electronic signatures of both ULMWP leaders. However, Markus Haluk and Edison Waromi claim that they neither made the leaflets, nor authorised them with their signatures. The police requested Markus Haluk to return to the police station on 1 December 2019 for further questioning. So far, the police has not pressed charges against the ULMWP leaders.
Police arrests four students in Jayapura after bringing morning star flag to Church
Police officers arrested the four Papuan students Marvin Yobe, Desepianus Dumupa, Paul Halapok and Devion Tekege on 1 December 2019 at the Gembala Baik Congregational Church in Abepura, Jayapura Town. The students brought Morningstar flags to the Sunday worship. They wore traditional clothes with morning star face paint. Plain cloth police officers arrested the four students during the worship ceremony and subsequently brought them to the Abepura sectoral police station and later to the Jayapura municipality police station, where the students were questioned (see intro image). They were released without charges on 2 December 2019 at 1.00 am. The police also summoned the pastor of Gembala Baik Congregation as a witness.
34 Papuans arrested in Sentani – 20 charged with treason
On 30 November 2019, police officers arrested 34 indigenous Papuans in Sentani, Jayapura Regency, on their way to the Trikora field, where they allegedly intended to raise the Morning Star flag. Fourteen of them were released because the police could not find sufficient evidence to press legal charges. The remaining 20 suspects were taken into custody. They have been charged with article 106 jo 87 and/or 110 jo 88 of Indonesian Criminal Code (KUHP) on treason. Six of them were additionally charged with Article 2 (1) of Emergency Law12/1951 regarding illegal possession of slashing or stabbing weapons (see table below). The police claims that the 20 suspects carried member cards of the West Papua National Liberation Army.
54 Papuans arrested in Fakfak
Arrests Pikpik Fakfak editOn 1 December 2019, members of the Police Mobile Brigade Special Unit (Brimob) and 1803 Fakfak District Military Command arrested 54 indigenous Papuans in the districts Kayauni and Kramonmongga of Fakfak Regency. According to information received, the joint security forces applied force against 23 villagers in Warpa Village. The Head of the Fakfak District Police claimed in a public interview that the villagers allegedly resisted the arrest using traditional weapons like spears, bows and arrows. He further accused the suspects of planning to raise the Morning Star flag at the Regency office. It is currently not known what injuries the arrestees sustained during the arrest. The villagers had raised the Morning Star flag in their village around 3.00 pm. Subsequently, the joint security forces arrested one person in Kramongga Village and further suspects in the villages of Pikpik (see image on the right) and Mambuni-buni. The police seized morning star flags, 12 million rupiahs (about € 850) and machetes and other traditional weapons. All 54 Papuans were detained and are currently investigated by the police.
Yesterday morning on December 1, the Morning Star West Papua flag was hoisted next to the Vanuatu flag by the Caretaker of the United Liberation Movement of West Papua Office, Freddy Warome, in full military uniform at Sea Front in Port Vila.
The Chairman of both Vanuatu Christian Council and Vanuatu Free West Papua Association, Pastor Alain Nafuki, was on hand to bless the Flag and West Papua National Day December 1 before it was raised in the breezy sunshine, to flitter next to the Vanuatu Flag.
Meanwhile West Papua Leaders have confirmed to a handful of witnesses of the ceremony that reports have reached them of further shooting at one of the world’s largest open cast mines in West Papua.
They said the shooting was carried out by the West Papua Liberation Army. At this stage, it is still not clear if there were any casualties.
However latest report yesterday afternoon said several West Papua students who entered a university dressed in indigenous attire to mark December 1, were arrested by Indonesian Police.
No further information was available as the article was published.
West Papua Day was officially celebrated in the afternoon marked by a number of speakers from the Vanuatu Christian council, West Papua Committee and Chiefs and Civil society from three to five in the afternoon.
Pastor Nafuki said the purpose of the ceremony is to confirm to the world that while Vanuatu is a tiny country, it has remained steadfast in its commitment to West Papua Freedom since day one when their political plight was first brought to the country’s attention prior to the country’s freedom on July 30 of 1980.
With a population of approximately 3 million, the people of West Papua have been struggling for self-determination from colonialism for 58 years.
The struggle has reached the United Nations with support from approximately 90 countries Spearheaded by the World Council of Churches through the Pacific Council of Churches, Vanuatu Christian Council and Malvatumauri Council of Chiefs and the Government of Vanuatu and its people.
There’s a bright and burning star in an equatorial sky, And it burns for a people who’s day is yet to come, It burns with a quite burning, It burns with quite yearning. And it burns to the beat of a Melanesian drum.
And the drumming tells a story of that people and it’s cry, Of the darkness and the danger and of sacrifice, Of the alien in the land, Of the bloody alien hand, And of dead and dying in that paradise.
Hills and valleys take up the call of scarred and battered land, And the cry goes round the world for those with ear to hear, And it tells of desecration, And it calls for consecration, And it tells of friends and neighbours who disappear.
But the dark secrets will be heard and the truth will have its way, And all the children of West Papua will smile once more, But the cross they love to wear, Is a cross hard to bear, In a land controlled by a strangers crushing law.
“What I wish to stress is that fighting for freedom (for West Papua) is everyone’s business beginning with chiefs, church leaders, papas and mamas and young people especially since they have so much energy and power to do those things that their parents cannot do”.
Former Cabinet Minister and former politician, Hilda Lini is the sister of the once ‘Father of Independence’ and first ever Prime Minister of the newly born Republic of Vanuatu, Father Walter Lini, who led the country for the first eleven years after a joint colonial period of 74 years of statelessness.
The once outspoken political leader dared to contest political elections with her male counterparts and won fairly years before any thought of ‘reserve seat’.
Hilda Lini was invited to attend the West Papua Day on December 1 on the Sea Front and became one of the very few invited guests to attend.
While all West Papuan leaders as well as local speakers heartily thanked the Government and people of Vanuatu for their steadfast support towards the West Papua Struggle, no cabinet Ministers nor MPs were present in the ceremony.
Her presence was an assurance of the country’s continuing responsibility over West Papua after the hosting of the historic meeting of West Papuan factions in the Malvatumauri National Council of Chiefs Nakamal in 2014.
The Chairman of the Vanuatu Free West Papua Association, Pastor Alain Nafuki said that meeting became the stepping stone to where west Papua is today after the formation of the United Liberation Movement of West Papua following that meeting.
“The Government went ahead to allocate land at Crow’s Nest to host the ULMWP Office”, he said.
Looking back at country’s struggle for freedom, Lini said Vanuatu’s struggle and its Unity Day on November 29 marking the hoisting of the Vanuaaku Pati flag to proclaim the formation of the People’s Provisional Government was similar to West Papua’s December 1 National Day.
“The only difference was that the West Papua people hoisted their own flag in 1961 so they started their struggle earlier than we did ours but we have achieved our freedom while they are still fighting to achieve theirs”, she noted.
“On July 30 of 1980 here at Independence Park, our first ever Prime Minister, Father Walter Lini, made this statement to all invited guests from near far including guests from West Papua saying, ‘Vanuatu has become an Independent Nation today but yet it is not completely free until every country that is fighting for freedom has achieved its freedom and only then will Vanuatu be completely free’.
“This is the biggest responsibility in our hands in Vanuatu today; little children, young people who were born after 1980, those who were born before 1980, papas, mamas, church leaders and chiefs and every one of us – all members of parliament and the Government, altogether we have this responsibility in our hands.
“While we rejoice for our freedom but we must not forget that we are not totally free until our brothers and sisters who are not far from us are totally free.
“This is our responsibility that is ahead of us and we must get involved to enable West Papua to be free, Kanaky and Tahiti and Wallis and Futuna must be free, while we stayed with East Timor (Timor Leste) until it achieved its freedom. The others are not yet free.
“My message to us the mamas is for us to stand firm at all times because in all situations, we have proved ourselves that we are capable so with all our people, let us stand in solidarity with West Papua until it achieves its independence.
Kampanye mengangkat isu Papua di luar Indonesia tampak mendapat amunisi setelah insiden ‘rasisme’ yang dialami mahasiswa Papua di Surabaya pada Agustus 2019 dan kemudian menyulut kerusuhan di sejumlah kota baik di Provinsi Papua maupun Provinsi Papua Barat.
Buntut dari kerusuhan tersebut, puluhan orang ditangkap, sebagian dikenai pasal makar. Upaya untuk membebaskan mereka sekarang menjadi perhatian utama kampanye isu Papua, kata pengacara HAM yang fokus pada isu Papua, Veronica Koman.
“Fokus kampanye saat ini di pembebasan 22 tapol yang dikenakan pasal makar, September kemarin. Kampanye di nasional dan internasional fokusnya di situ,” jelas Veronica yang berada di Australia dalam wawancara melalui telepon.
“Apabila kita tarik ke belakang, sebetulnya rekor 22 tapol Papua ini adalah cermin iktikad buruk pemerintah pusat dalam upaya menyelesaikan konflik di Papua. Katanya kemarin suruh damai, tapi kok tajam satu arah? Tindakan seperti ini kan sebetulnya menimbulkan luka lagi,”
Kerusuhan di Papua ‘membuat khawatir’ warga pendatang
Aksi pembakaran dan penjarahan di Jayapura, Papua, Wiranto: ‘Ada yang mau mengacaukan Papua’ Unjuk Rasa Papua di Jakarta : ‘Tangkap dan adili aktor intelektual pengepungan asrama’
Tahanan politik (tapol) yang dimaksud Veronica di antaranya meliputi juru bicara Front Rakyat Indonesia untuk West Papua, Surya Anta, aktivis Charles Kossay, Dano Tabuni, Isay Wenda, Ambrosius Mulait, dan Arina Elopere.
Mereka dituduh melakukan makar setelah mengibarkan bendera Bintang Kejora saat aksi unjuk rasa di depan Istana di Jakarta beberapa waktu lalu. Di samping itu ada juga sejumlah tahanan yang diciduk di Papua dan kemudian dipindahkan ke provinsi lain.
Persoalan tahanan politik tersebut kerap diangkat dalam acara kelompok-kelompok pendukung gerakan Papua Merdeka di luar Indonesia.
Di Inggris, dalam suatu acara kebudayaan Indonesia di kota London, tiba-tiba seorang pemuda menggelar aksi. Lewat pengeras suara, ia meminta pengunjung untuk membantu menghentikan hal yang ia sebut penangkapan semena-mena dan pembunuhan massal di Papua. “Tangkap presiden Indonesia!” Demikian seru pria tersebut dalam bahasa Inggris sambil mengibar-ibarkan bendera berdesain garis putih biru diagonal dan bintang berwarna putih dibalut warna merah. Bendera tersebut selama ini digunakan oleh Organisasi Papua Merdeka.
Pada salah satu poster yang dipasangnya, memang tertera gambar Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, tetapi SBY sudah tidak lagi menjadi presiden sejak 2014. Ketika ditanya kota asalnya di Papua, pemuda itu mengakui ia bukan orang Papua. Ia berasal dari West Indies di kawasan Karibia dan mengaku peduli terhadap isu Papua.
“Oh, presiden Indonesia sekarang sudah ganti ya? Yang perempuan itu, bukan?”
Ketika ditanya bagaimana ia bisa mengampanyekan Papua jika tidak mengetahui fakta dasar, ia pun mengaku perlu memutakhirkan data-datanya.
Di Filipina juga kerap digelar demonstrasi untuk mengangkat masalah Papua yang dilakukan oleh sekelompok orang setempat dari kalangan gereja. Kedua contoh itu dapat dijadikan indikasi bahwa isu Papua mendapat simpati di luar Indonesia, meskipun skalanya kecil.
Perhatian internasional ‘bertolak belakang dengan asumsi’
Adapun di level lembaga dunia, United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) atau Gerakan Persatuan Pembebasan Papua Barat yang mengaku sebagai kendaraan politik seluruh rakyat Papua, telah melakukan lobi-lobi, meski sebagian justru tampak kontraproduktif.
Sebagai contoh, pemimpin ULMWP, Benny Wenda, mengaku menyerahkan petisi tentang referendum—yang diklaim diteken oleh 1,8 juta warga Papua—kepada Komite Dekolonisasi PBB di New York pada September 2017. Dua hari kemudian, Duta Besar Venezuela—yang juga menjabat ketua Komite Khusus Dekolonisasi—Rafael Ramirez mengatakan tidak pernah menerima petisi tentang Papua.
Apa yang dialami Benny Wenda merupakan cermin dari kendala utama ketika isu Papua diangkat di panggung resmi internasional.
“Kendala utama kami dipanggung internasional sementara ini terletak pada masih negara-negara merdeka resmi anggota PBB belum keseluruhan mau mendengar aspirasi murni suara orang asli Papua,” sebut juru bicara ULMWP, Jacob Rumbiak ketika berbicara dengan BBC News Indonesia melalui telepon dari tempat tinggalnya di Australia.
“Mereka lebih banyak mendengar suara negara pemerintah negara Indonesia yang sarat akan kepalsuan dan tipu daya,” sambungnya.
Pemerintah Indonesia menepis tudingan seperti itu dan menegaskan yang disampaikan ke dunia adalah apa adanya.
Senada dengan Jacob Rumbiak adalah Veronica Koman. Menurutnya, perhatian masyarakat internasional terhadap isu Papua justru berbanding terbalik dengan asumsi yang berkembang selama ini bahwa banyak kepentingan asing menyangkut Papua.
“Indonesia adalah negara yang sedang sangat diperhitungkan di dunia karena potensi kepentingan dagang dan ekonomi. Negara-negara lain kalau bisa menutup mata saja atas pelanggaran HAM yang dilakukan oleh Indonesia, supaya mereka tidak perlu menyinggung Indonesia.
“Tren di komunitas internasional terutama pada dekade terakhir ini, kepentingan ekonomi berada di atas kepentingan untuk menegakkan HAM, meski urusan HAM adalah urusan universal,” jelasnya.
Pemerintah Indonesia selama ini menegaskan Papua adalah masalah dalam negeri dan tidak memerlukan campur tangan asing. Jakarta memandang status Papua sudah final karena hasil Penentuan Pendapat Rakyat (Pepera) pada tahun 1969 mendukung integrasi Irian Barat ke dalam wilayah Indonesia dan hasilnya diterima PBB.
Tetapi bagi kelompok-kelompok yang beraspirasi agar Papua pisah dari Indonesia, Pepera justru menjadi pangkal persoalan. Mereka berdalih hasil tersebut tidak dapat diterima karena tidak dilaksanakan dengan cara satu orang satu suara sehingga validitasnya dipertanyakan.
ULMWP memasang target untuk mendapat dukungan dua pertiga negara-negara anggota PBB, dan sejauh ini Vanuatu bertindak selaku negara sponsor dengan dukungan beberapa negara sahabatnya di PBB.
Presiden Joko Widodo kerap mengunjungi Papua, termasuk pada tanggal 27 Oktober ini ketika tiba di Arfak, Papua Barat.
Menjawab pertanyaan BBC News Indonesia tentang bagaimana pemerintah menangkal upaya ‘internasionalisasi’ Papua, seperti dilakukan oleh Veronica Koman dan Benny Wenda, Wakil Menteri Luar Negeri Mahendra Siregar mengatakan: “Mengenai kemungkinan adanya pihak-pihak yang ingin melihat konteks Papua dalam perspektif yang berbeda, tentu kita, pemerintah Indonesia tidak bisa mentolerir dan menerima hal-hal tadi.
“Karena sepenuhnya persoalan yang kita hadapi adalah untuk terus fokus pada strategi dan kebijakan nasional dan tentu ada langkah-langkah yang harus disempurnakan atau diperbaiki lebih lanjut,” terang diplomat karier senior yang sebelumnya menjadi duta besar RI untuk Amerika Serikat itu.
Mahendra Siregar menekankan kembali pendekatan yang ditempuh oleh pemerintah, yaitu menyejahterakan masyarakat Papua, termasuk pembangunan infrastruktur yang digalakkan oleh Presiden Joko Widodo.
“Kalau kita lihat baik adanya Undang-undang Otonomi Khusus maupun kebijakan keiistimewaan dari Provinsi Papua dan Papua Barat, saya rasa dari strategi dan kebijakan nasional sudah jelas, hanya implementasinya, akuntabilitasnya dan bagaimana kita meningkatkan efektifitasnya tentu menjadi keinginan dan tujuan kita semua,” jelasnya di Jakarta pada Senin (25/11).
Wakil Menteri Luar Negeri Mahendra Siregar mengatakan tidak ada perubahan kebijakan atau pendekatan terhadap Papua, selain yang sudah digariskan.
Akan tetapi, sebagaimana dikatakan oleh pemerhati masalah Papua dari CSIS, Vidhyandika Djati Perkasa, pendekatan ekonomi saja tidak cukup.
“Yang penting menurut saya itu ada terobosan dan niat baik, niat politik yang kuat untuk secara serius berupaya menyelesaikan itu. Kita tidak usah membicarakan tentang kasus-kasus HAM berat seperti Paniai, Wamena atau Wasior, tangani juga kasus-kasus tingkat moderat atau ringan. Yang penting kita harus memberikan kesan kepada masyarakat Papua dan dunia internasional bahwa ada sense of justice yang kita ciptakan oleh upaya itu,” jelasnya kepada BBC News Indonesia.
Tiga kasus yang ia rujuk adalah penembakan yang menyebabkan empat siswa meninggal dunia dan belasan warga sipil luka pada Desember 2014 di Kabupaten Paniai.
Dugaan pelanggaran HAM Wasior terjadi ketika aparat kepolisian melakukan penyerbuan kepada warga di Desa Wonoboi, Wasior, Manokwari. Tindakan itu diambil menyusul pembunuhan lima anggota Brimob dan satu orang sipil di perusahaan kayu. Dalam peristiwa itu, tercatat empat orang meninggal dunia.
Adapun kasus Wamena merujuk pada penyisiran terhadap 25 kampung bertepatan dengan Hari Paskah pada 4 April 2003. Laporan Komnas HAM menyebutkan sembilan orang meninggal dunia serta 38 orang luka berat.
Demonstrasi berbuntut kerusuhan di Wamena ini terjadi pada akhir September tahun 2019.
Vidhyandika Djati Perkasa memandang masalah HAM tetap menjadi aspek yang paling disorot bagi gerakan untuk memisahkan Papua dari Indonesia. Walaupun permasalahan itu sangat sensitif bagi dunia internasional, ada keterbatasan yurisdiksi untuk berbuat sesuatu.
“Tetapi dengan mengekspos isu-isu hak asasi manusia, maka itu juga menjadi nilai buruk bagi pemerintah di mata internasional kalau permasalahan itu tidak segera diselesaikan,” jelasnya.
Merangkum apa yang dikatakan para narasumber tadi, jelas hingga kini belum ada titik temu untuk mengatasi persoalan Papua.
European diplomats step up pressure as they call on Jakarta to move Jakub Skrzypski to another facility pending appeal. by Tomasz Augustyniak29 Nov 2019
European diplomats are stepping up pressure on Indonesia to look into the case of a Polish man who has been jailed in its easternmost region for more than a year, amid reports of his declining health.
Jakub Skrzypski is the first foreigner to be found guilty of an attempt to overthrow the Indonesian government and imprisoned under Article 106 of the Indonesian criminal code.
He was sentenced to five years in prison in May. Since his arrest in West Papua in August 2018, he has been detained in the town of Wamena, one of the several places in the region that saw a wave of deadly violence in recent months.
As he awaits the result of his appeal, the European Union and the Polish government vowed to press Jakarta to resolve the issue.
Last week, EU Ambassador to Indonesia Vincent Piket met Indonesia’s Law and Human Rights Minister Yasonna Laoly. On the agenda for the meeting was the Skrzypski case.
EU Spokesperson Maja Kocijancic said European diplomats asked Indonesia earlier this month to review the case and transfer the Polish man to Bandung, where he could receive visits from a representative of the Polish consulate.
In October, the European Parliament had referred to Skrzypski as a political prisoner and expressed concern over his continued incarceration, given the unrest in West Papua. It demanded his release and deportation to Poland.
Poland’s foreign ministry has claimed there were procedural mistakes during the court proceedings, and that the case’s connection to the current political situation in West Papua adds to its complexity.
Last week, a Polish embassy official visited Skrzypski and urged the government to apply international standards to his treatment.
Fair trial promised
Jacek Czaputowicz, Poland’s minister of foreign affairs, has met his Indonesian counterpart, Retno Marsudi, three times since the arrest of Skrzypski.
Marsudi reportedly assured him that Skrzypski’s trial would be fair and the Polish consul in Jakarta would have free access to the detainee.
But Al Jazeera learned that it was not always the case, and several diplomatic notes regarding the Pole’s detention were reportedly ignored.
Skrzypski’s lawyer, Latifah Anum Siregar, told Al Jazeera that her client has long complained about conditions at the police detention centre where he is being kept instead of a prison facility.
Skrzypski, left, seen here with his Indonesian co-defendant Simon Magal, has denied the charges against him and called his trial a ‘sham’ [George Yewun/AP]
Latifah said Skrzypski has not been allowed out of his cell for walks and had not been seen by a doctor.
The lawyer, who is based in Papua’s provincial capital, Jayapura, and the Jakarta-based diplomats also have to deal with long hours of travel to reach Wamena.
While Skrzypski’s life is not under direct threat, locals who used to bring him food have left since violence erupted in the region.
In addition, there was nobody available to treat him when he suffered severe eye inflammation, as most doctors have also reportedly fled.
Caught in political turmoil
Skrzypski had been in Indonesia several times as a tourist, visiting West Papua to verify claims of human rights violations against ethnic Papuans.
In August 2018, he was travelling across the region, briefly crossing to neighbouring Papua New Guinea, when Indonesian police arrested him and accused him of joining the separatist West Papua National Liberation Army – an armed group Jakarta calls a terrorist organisation.
Initially, the police claimed to have evidence that he was involved in arms trading but the allegation was not raised during the trial.
Skrzypski rejected all the criminal charges but admitted to having met people who turned out to be the members of the National Committee for West Papua, which supports a non-violent approach to Papuan independence.
Latifah, his lawyer, said Skrzypski was merely visiting friends he met online and did not intend to join any organisation.
In May, Wamena district court found Skrzypski guilty and sentenced him to five years in prison. Local student Simon Magal, who met the Pole, was also jailed for four years.
Skrzypski rejected the verdict, saying all charges were trumped up and the trial was a sham, alleging the prosecution witnesses were bribed and that potential defence witnesses were also too frightened to testify.
Asked about Skrzypski’s case, Teuku Faizasyah, spokesperson for the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, told Al Jazeera that the ministry acted based on the notes and provided reply “when needed”.
Regarding the requested transfer, Teuku said it would only be possible when all the legal options were exhausted and the court’s decision had come into force.
“His rights have also been fulfilled and facilitated in respect of process law,” he added but did not comment on the security problems in Papua.
The Ministry of Law and Human Rights has not responded to Al Jazeera’s queries.
Authorities in Wamena have promised to provide the needed medical attention, but Febiana Wilma Sorbu, one of the prosecutors in charge of the case, refused to answer Al Jazeera’s questions on the conditions Skrzypski is being kept in.
Andreas Harsono, Indonesia researcher at Human Rights Watch, said he has no doubt that the treatment of Skrzypski violates human rights under international and Indonesian law.
“Jakub Skrzypski has been unfortunately entangled in Indonesia’s paranoid bureaucracy.
“The longer his imprisonment continues, the more Indonesian machinery is making him to document the rotten prison cells, something that Indigenous Papuans are very familiar with,” Harsono said.
Latifah, Skrzypski’s lawyer, added: “This is a highly political case with extremely weak evidence.”
Evidence reportedly included photos of Skrzypski at a recreational shooting range in Switzerland and unconcluded Facebook conversations.
After the Papua High Court upheld the sentence in July, Skrzypski’s advocates appealed the case before the Supreme Court, asking for him to be acquitted of all the charges.
Meanwhile, prosecutors are seeking a tougher sentence.
In an official letter to West Papua Army (WPA), one of the Affiliated Command of the WPA, The West Papua Revolutionary Army (WPRA) Secretary-General I, Gen. Amunggut Tabi expresses National Greeting from the Central Defense Headquarters of the WPRA and says the struggle for West Papua independence is not ONLY beneficial to Melanesians in West Papua, but for all life on this planet Earth and the planet itself as New Guinea Island contribute significant oxygen to our life system.
Gen. Tabi also encourages Melanesians to re-claim collective identities of “Melanesian Peoples” socially, culturally, economically and politically, because Melanesian people are already one socially, culturally and geographically. He says modern political, economic and legal divides made by colonial powers make us all Melanesians think in their way of thinking, and feel in their way of feeling, looking at each other as if we are different from one another.
He says “it is colonial powers and governments want to see us separated and divided” because they want to come in and do everything they want, take away all our natural resources and destroy our planet Earth.”
Melanesians should not call ourselves West Papuans, Papua New Guineans, Solomon Islanders, Fijians, Bougainvilleans, New Caledonians, ni-Vanuatu, but we are Melanesian People in West Papua, in Papua New Guinea, in Fiji, in Bougainville, in Solomon Islands, in Vanuatu and in Kanaky.
People are ‘in the mood for celebration’ as they choose whether to split from Papua New Guinea
After 20 years, the big day has finally arrived for the people of Bougainville. Large crowds gathered on Saturday at the aptly named Bel Isi (Peace) park in Buka for the first day of a two-week referendum to decide whether the archipelago should become independent from Papua New Guinea.
Amid a significant security presence, hundreds of Bougainvilleans marched through the streets as they followed the autonomous region’s president, John Momis, as he arrived at a polling booth to cast his vote.
Momis, accompanied by his minister for Bougainville affairs, Sir Puka Temu, and the referendum commissioner, Ruby Mirinka, was the first to cast his vote.
The jubilant crowd cheered on as groups danced to the beat of bamboo pipes, singing songs of freedom that described the crisis of the past and a peace process that started at the end of the civil war 20 years ago and which paved the way for the referendum.
As he exited the polling booth after casting his vote, Momis waved to the crowd who replied with shouts of support as they waited for their turn to vote.
“It’s obvious that the people are now in the mood for celebration and I join them as they have every right to celebrate,” Momis told a media conference. “This is a forecast or beginning of good things to come if we collaborate and work as trusted partners to implement something that both parties have contributed to.”
With tears in her eyes, Justina Panu, a voter from Arawa, said that it was thrilling to watch her president vote. “We are excited and emotional,” she said.
Janet Chigoto, from Buin, waved her large Bougainville flag and said: “I am proud and happy. The time has come for us to vote for what we’ve been waiting for. Blood has poured on our island. We want our own powers to run our country so I am going for Box Two.”
“It’s a great moment for me,” said Barnabas Matanu from Buka. “It’s been long overdue and we’ve been waiting for years. We are enthusiastic and on cloud nine.”
Over the next two weeks, everyone over the age of 18 will have the option of requesting greater autonomy within Papua New Guinea, or full independence. Voting will take place in select towns and stations around the island of Buka and mainland Bougainville.
A young voter, Tanya Okia from Kieta, hoped that her generation would see a free and independent Bougainville. “Bougainville will rise. Myself and the other 365 youths here, we are all heading for number 2 box.”
“I will be putting my ballot in box 2,” said Moses Seropa from Arawa. “I want to see Bougainville become our own country, in my lifetime. I want to see us producing our own products. We have tons of natural resources, good lands and great farmers so we need to take ownership starting with this vote.”